M-CORES: An Overview

Saving Special Places • Building Better Communities

Impacting Rural Lands

1000 Friends of Florida does not support final M-CORES task force reports

1000 Friends of Florida has sent a letter to Secretary Kevin Thibault  to let him know that 1000 Friends of Florida does not support the three M-CORES reports finalized by their respective task forces this week. As you know, 1000 Friends had a representative on each of the three task forces to provide input into the three toll road corridors extending from the Panhandle to the Everglades.

Ultimately, however, we believe the task force reports failed to include strong measures that would prevent the three toll roads from fueling urban sprawl — sprawl that would do irreparable harm to fragile natural resources and vulnerable rural communities.

Each of our task force representatives proposed a requirement that FDOT protect all conservation land from development within 10 miles of proposed interchanges before construction, and also protect from development any land within 5 miles of a proposed interchange before construction unless it is served by public water and sewer or designated as an industrial job center. These proposals were not adopted.

The measures in the task force reports aimed at protecting the environment create a land acquisition process with laudable intentions, but they fall short of the necessary requirements to ensure that protection, and to earn our support.  We do appreciate that our recommendations that a preliminary determination of transportation need and financial feasibility for each of the corridors prior to the PD&E process were adopted by each of the three task forces to ensure greater accountability in the process.

1000 Friends vows to remain engaged in monitoring M-CORES and the process over the coming months and years. 

Helpful Resources:

All Corridors:

Letter to FDOT Secretary Thibault indicating that 1000 Friends of Florida does not support final task force reports (1000 Friends of Florida, October 23, 2020)

Letter to FDOT Secretary Thibault outlining grave concerns with M-CORES task force reports (1000 Friends of Florida, October 8, 2020)

M-CORES:  A Detour Around Accountability  (1000 Friends of Florida and Sierra Club Florida Chapter)

PD & E Recommendations (1000 Friends of Florida)

Guiding Principles Recommendations and Cover Letter (1000 Friends of Florida)

Broadband, Economic Development and M-CORES (1000 Friends of Florida)

Suncoast Corridor:

Draft M-CORES Suncoast Task Force Report (FDOT) – Comments needed by October 14

Suncoast Corridor Citizen Primer (1000 Friends of Florida)

The Suncoast Connector:  What we still need to know (Florida TaxWatch)

Vulnerability of the Suncoast Connector Study Area (University of Florida)

Northern Turnpike Corridor:

Draft M-CORES Northern Turnpike Task Force Report (FDOT) – Comments needed by October 14

Northern Turnpike Citizen Primer (1000 Friends of Florida)

Southwest-Central Corridor:

Draft M-CORES Southwest-Central Task Force Report (FDOT) – Comments needed by October 14

Potential Impacts of the Southwest Central Florida Connector on the Florida Panther and Its Habitat  (The Nature Conservancy)


The Multi-use Corridors of Regional Economic Significance Program, or M-CORES, was signed into law by Gov. Ron DeSantis on May 17, 2019. M-CORES authorizes the design and construction of three new tolled road corridors through rural Florida:

Suncoast Connector extending from Jefferson County to Citrus County

Northern Turnpike Connector extending from the Suncoast Connector south to the Florida Turnpike northwest

Southwest-Central Florida Connector extending from Polk County to Collier County; a previous highway planned for the route was called the Heartland Parkway

During the 2019 Florida Legislative Session, 1000 Friends of Florida opposed the bill that authorized the M-CORES program, Senate Bill 7068, because we believe building new highways in the designated corridors will put at risk rural communities, vulnerable lands and waters, and wildlife – not just from the highways, but also from the sprawl they would generate. We also believe there are higher priorities for investing limited dollars to meet Florida’s most pressing transportation needs.

But once SB 7068 passed, 1000 Friends accepted appointments to each of the three task forces created by the bill to offer input on the design and planning of the highways from positions of influence, raise any concerns about the process, and try to minimize or eliminate the impacts from the proposed roads on some of Florida’s best remaining rural lands.

We continue to educate the public on how to provide input into M-CORES.   See the information below on additional resources provided by 1000 Friends of Florida, including Citizen Primers, Natural Resources Maps, media coverage, webinars and more.  We update this page regularly to provide you with the latest information so please check back.

Check out recent Op Eds by 1000 Friends of Florida Board Members and staff on 1000 Friends’ recent Op Eds page


M-CORES will divert more than $100 million per year from the state General Revenue Fund for planning, design and initial construction of the three corridors, which are “tolled facilities and approved turnpike projects that are part of the turnpike system and are considered as Strategic Intermodal System facilities.” The bill also authorizes the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT or “the department”) to borrow billions of additional dollars from turnpike revenue bonds, public private partnerships and myriad other sources to complete construction.

The stated objective is to “advance the construction of regional corridors that are intended to accommodate multiple modes of transportation and multiple types of infrastructure.” Goals outlined in the legislation include to address hurricane evacuation, congestion mitigation, trade and logistics, broadband, water and sewer connectivity, energy distribution, autonomous and other vehicle technology, mobility as a service, availability of trained workforce, protection or enhancement of wildlife corridors or environmentally sensitive areas, and protection or enhancement of primary springs protection zones and farmland preservation areas designated within local comprehensive plans.

To find out more see 2019’s SB 7068 authorizing M-CORES and visit FDOT’s M-CORES Website.

1000 Friends of Florida Natural Resources Maps

Link to all 1000 Friends of Florida Natural Resources Maps

Existing Conservation Lands, Proposed Conservation Lands, Wetlands

M-CORES: Planning Process

Ecological Greenways

M-CORES: Local Comprehensive

Aquifer Recharge

Citizen Primers


Covering All the Bases: Effective Engagement in the M-CORES Process

SB 7068 was signed into law in 2019, authorizing the construction of three new tolled roadways through close to 350 miles of some of Florida’s best natural and agricultural lands.  In this webinar, presenters provide an overview of M-CORES and transportation planning in Florida, as well as shortcomings in the M-CORES process and strategies for effective engagement.

M-CORES (The Heartland and Suncoast Expressways): Policy and Planning Implications for Florida’s Future

SB 7068 was passed during the 2019 Legislative Session and signed into law.  It created M-CORES, or the “multi-use corridors of regional economic significance program” to be implemented by the Florida Department of Transportation. Conducted prior to the passage of the legislation, this webinar focuses on SB 7068’s implications for state transportation policy, regional planning, and land and habitat conservation.

Media Coverage


July 1, 2019

The “M-CORES” Act takes effect

August 1, 2019

The Secretary of FDOT shall appoint the members of the three corridor task forces

November 15, 2020

Each task force shall submit its final report to the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives (due to COVID-19 the deadline was extended from the previous deadline of October 2020).

December 31, 2022

To the maximum extent feasible, construction of the projects shall start no later than this date

December 31, 2023

Each affected local government with an interchange within its jurisdiction shall review the applicable task force report to determine whether its local comprehensive plan should be amended “to provide appropriate land uses and natural resources protections”

July 1, 2030

The corridors shall be open to traffic no later than this date