Preserving a community’s historic resources is an integral part of smart growth. While smart growth focuses on locating development in appropriate locations, it also connotes respecting those natural and historic features that make a community special. It includes ensuring that new development harmonizes with–rather than destroys–an area’s unique assets and sense of place.
The preservation of older and historic buildings is often more sustainable than new development–preserving the energy already invested in historic buildings (or “embodied energy”) instead of expending additional energy to tear the older building down and build a new one.
Preserving key resources can also serve as an anchor or catalyst for the redevelopment of a historic downtown or older neighborhood.
Over the years, 1000 Friends has been a strong supporter of historic preservation efforts, from disaster planning strategies, to protecting waterfront communities through Waterfronts Florida, and more. Find out more about state and other programs that can assist you in your efforts to preserve your community’s unique heritage.
Reports by 1000 Friends:
Disaster mitigation for historic structures (2008) – The Florida Department of State, Florida Division of Emergency Management and 1000 Friends of Florida produced this award-winning manual to identify materials, systems, products and installation techniques available to address the specific mitigation needs of historic structures. Intended audiences include property owners, planners, building industry professionals and volunteers.
Disaster planning for historic resources, with case studies (2006) – Prepared by 1000 Friends of Florida on behalf of the Florida Department of State and Florida Department of Community Affairs, this full-color handbook outlines steps to integrate historic resource protection into the local disaster planning process and includes case studies. This is an updated version of the award-winning 2003 manual.
Bridge symposium (1999) – Florida is increasingly faced with the need to repair and replace many bridges throughout the state. Bridge replacement often becomes a contentious issue, as local residents sometimes prefer to maintain their existing bridge, or seek the replacement with design alternatives that differ significantly in both cost and effectiveness. 1000 Friends conducted a symposium focusing on the rehabilitation and replacement of historic bridges, in order to develop policy and procedural changes to better meet the goals of preservation.
Gaines Street report (1999) – As part of the City of Tallahassee’s effort to revitalize the historic Gaines Street Corridor, 1000 Friends prepared a report outlining steps to preserve historic resources in that area.
Programs and reports by the Florida Department of State:
Florida Department of State digital resources and forms — This webpage includes links to a number of manuals and reports focusing on preservation strategies in Florida, some of which are out of print. Also check out the Division of Historical Resources publications page.
Economic impacts of historic preservation in Florida (2010) – According to this Department of State report, historic preservation activities in Florida, including the rehabilitation of historic buildings, heritage tourism, the operation of history museums and activities generated by Florida Main Street programs contribute some $6.3 billion annually to the state. These impacts include the creation of jobs, income to Florida residents, an increase in the gross state product, increased state and local taxes, and increased in-state wealth.
Florida’s comprehensive historic preservation plan, 2012-2016 – Florida’s historic preservation plan is to provide guidance for the implementation of sound planning procedures for the location, identification and protection of the state’s archaeological and historic resources.
Certified Local Government (CLG) program – This program establishes a federal-state-local partnership for the identification, evaluation and protection of historic properties. There are more than 60 Florida counties and municipalities participating in Florida’s CLG program.
Florida Main Street – Florida Main Street is a technical assistance program administered by the Bureau of Historic Preservation of the Florida Department of State for traditional historic commercial corridors.
Rehabilitation tax credits – In Florida, the RTC is jointly administered by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and National Park Service (NPS) in partnership with the Florida Division of Historical Resources. The RTC is a federal income tax credit equal to 20 percent of the allowable expenses incurred in a certified rehabilitation of a certified historic structure.
Other Florida information:
Florida’s local historic preservation ordinances: Maintaining flexibility while avoiding vagueness claims – Published in the Florida State University Law Review, this article outlines necessary provisions in historic preservation ordinances in Florida.
Summary of Florida historic preservation law (2008) – This article from The Florida Bar provides an outstanding overview of Florida historic preservation, including preservation ordinances, comprehensive plan elements, conservation easements and more.
The greenest building – This site notes that “the greenest building is the one already built.” It includes an “embodied energy calculator” to determine the amount of energy invested in a building (from production, manufacture of materials, delivery and construction. It also includes a demolition energy calculator to determine the amount of energy needed to raze, load and haul away construction materials.
Measuring economic impacts of historic preservation (2011) – Commissioned by the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, this study seeks to identify a finite number of indicators that can be used to regularly, consistently, meaningfully, and credibly measure the economic impact of historic preservation over time.